Bharat Petroleum's Kochi Refinery
The BPCL Kochi Refinery, embarked on its journey in 1966 with a capacity of 50,000 barrels per day. Formerly known as Cochin Refineries Limited, the refinery was originally established as a joint venture in collaboration with Phillips Petroleum Corporation, USA. It was later renamed as Kochi Refineries Limited, and today, it is a frontline entity as a unit of the Fortune 500 Oil and Gas Maharatna Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited with a capacity of 3,10,000 barrels per day.
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Kochi Refinery is located at Ambalamugal, near Kochi in Kerala, and is one of the two Refineries of BPCL, presently having a crude oil refining capacity of 15.5 Million Metric Tonnes per Annum (MMTPA). The product portfolio of the Kochi Refinery today includes petrochemical feedstocks and specialty products in addition to its range of quality fuels.
The products of this fuel based refinery include Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Naphtha, Motor Spirit, Kerosene, Aviation Turbine Fuel, High Speed Diesel, Fuel Oils and Asphalt. Specialty products for the domestic markets include Benzene, Toluene, Propylene, Special Boiling Point Spirit, Mineral Turpentine Oil, Sulphur and Hydrogen.
The BPCL Kochi Refinery has been recertified for the highly coveted Integrated Management System (IMS) by M/s Bureau Veritas Certification for having complied with the requirements of best standards and practices in the areas of Quality Management, Environment Management and Occupational Safety and Health Management. By virtue of this, KR is certified to Quality Management System - ISO 9001:2008, Environment Management System - ISO 14001:2004 and Occupational Health & Safety Management System - OHSAS 18001:2007.
With the prestigious Crude Oil receipt facilities consisting of Single Point Mooring (SPM) and associated shore tank farm in place since December 2007, the Kochi refinery is equipped to receive crude oil in Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs). This facility helps the refinery in reducing the freight charges to a great extent, over and above increasing flexibility in crude oil selection. This, thereby, is a major infrastructure facility to accelerate the future growth.
The refinery has facilities to evacuate products to the consuming centres through road, rail andships through pipelines. All the major industries in the area are connected to the refinery for product receipt. The BPCL installation at Irumpanam is connected to the refinery via pipelines and is the major product distribution centre of the refinery. Petronet CCK, a joint venture company of BPCL looks after the 300 km long pipeline that connects the refinery to various consumption points in Tamil Nadu such as Coimbatore and Karur.
Further to Capacity Expansion cum Modernisation Project (Phase–II), Kochi Refinery enhanced its refining capacity to 9.5 MMTPA and production of auto-fuels conforming to Euro-III and partly Euro-IV specifications. Post the Integrated Refinery Expansion Project, the refining capacity of KR has been augmented to 15.5 MMTPA with facilities for Euro-IV/V compliant auto-fuels to meet the growing demand of petroleum products in the Indian market. This would also upgrade the refinery residue stream to value added distillates and create synergy for future diversification into value added petrochemical products.
Kochi Refinery has also initiated the Propylene Derivative Petrochemical Project which would help KR to produce value added petrochemical products.