Going Green is the new mantra for “Saving the Planet”. As it is a well known fact now that, our climate is ripping apart at the seams at a rate that's surprising even the so-called alarmists.


CBR1000RR Fireblade

CBR1000RR Fireblade is epitome of Super Sports motorcycle development...

Photography: All You Need to Get Started in This Hobby is a Camera


Rediscovering Natural Gas By Hitting Rock Bottom

There's an energy revolution brewing right under our feet.




BlackBerry Bold 9700
The new BlackBerry Bold Blackberry 9700 offers a wide range of high-end communications

Essentials while buying a motorcycle


Will there ever be a time when we can use nothing but renewable energy to power our world.

Developed by E Vision Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
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Renewable Energy


Going Green is the new mantra for “Saving the Planet”. As it is a well known fact now that, our climate is ripping apart at the seams at a rate that's surprising even the so-called alarmists. Natural systems are collapsing. The ocean seems headed towards a series of catastrophic tipping points.

Different applications have been launched by the various companies to conserve the environment’s resources and save energy costs so that the ecological imbalance in the world can be corrected.

Science has continued to amaze and listed below are some of the latest discoveries which may literally change the world.

Solar Powered Passenger Ship for Berlin

Solon SE is a Berlin-based solar company that has produced a zero emission solar ship. It is Berlin’s first passenger ship deriving its power from solar energy named “SOLON”.

Solon SE also supplied the 24 solar modules with a capacity of 5.6 kWp. They are installed on the roof of the ship and take care of the energy needs of the ship. The Solon can provide accommodation up to 60 passengers. It will sail on Berlin’s waterways and offer tours of the city and cruise trips. At least for inland tours a no greenhouse emitting clean ship will make the trip environment friendly. It also remains unaffected by fluctuations in future fuel price.

The Kite Wind Generator

Some experts estimate that the total energy contained in wind is 100 times the amount needed by everyone on the planet. So we have to think of new ways to trap that wind power blowing at a significant height. However, most of this energy is at high altitudes, far beyond the reach of any wind turbine.

The Kite Wind Generator known as KiteGen is an Italian company. They are installing kites that sprout from funnel like structures and are light and ultra-resistant. They are mounted on giant poles. When wind blows these kites come out of funnels. For each kite, winches release a pair of high-resistance cables to control direction and angle. These kites are similar to those used for kite surfing – light and ultra-resistant, capable of flying up to a height of 2,000 meters.

If the wind is strong at certain height, the height of the kite too can be adjusted accordingly.

The swirling kites prompt KiteGen’s core in motion, and the rotation activates large alternators producing a current. They also have a control system on autopilot. This control system manipulates the flight pattern so that maximum power can be generated be it night or day. The KiteGen has also taken care of the fact that birds flying near the kites might get affected, so they have installed the advanced radar system that can redirect kites within seconds in case they detect flying of birds.

Converting Carbon Dioxide into Liquid Fuel with Bacteria

Researchers from the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science have genetically been working on a cyanobacterium. They successfully modified a cyanobacterium to consume carbon dioxide and generate the liquid fuel isobutanol. This isobutanol can prove to be of great potential as a gasoline alternative. The whole process happens with the help of sunlight through photosynthesis.

This new method carries several advantages. If we care to look at this fuel in the long term scenario and want to achieve a cleaner and greener energy economy, this fuel might prove helpful.


1. It recycles carbon dioxide, which leads to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

2. It uses solar energy to convert the carbon dioxide into a liquid fuel. Other biofuels are derived from plants or algae and     both of these processes need numerous intermediate steps before refinement into usable fuels.

Researchers think that an apt location for this system would be near a power plant because they emit carbon dioxide. This carbon dioxide can be utilized and converted into liquid fuel.

150mpg Algae-Powered Toyota Prius

First algae fuel-powered vehicle in the world was officially launched in San Francisco. The car, called Algaeus is a modified Toyota Prius, which derives power from green crude, from Sapphire Energy. The car runs on an astonishing 150 miles per gallon of green fuel. But they are aspiring to cross the US on approximately 25 gallons of fuel.

The car is powered by a mixture of 5% algae fuel and the manufacturers claim that the demonstration car will leave its mark as the environmentally friendly-fuel-driven automobile.

Though, it is early to conclude that we can use algae as transport fuel. We all know that five percent blend of algae doesn’t precisely indicate the initiation of an algae revolution. But as the saying goes, glass if half full too. It states that advancement is being made on the fuel with great potential. The main point of the Algaeus is to show the capability of algae to be used in an ordinary engine.

Honda Solar Hydrogen Station Introduced to Green Car Market

Honda has unveiled their new solar hydrogen solar station, it enables the car owners to refill their fuel cells overnight.

A key strategy in Honda’s creation of a solar hydrogen station for home-use was to create a new lifestyle with convenient, clean, energy-efficient and sustainable home refueling, by addressing the need for refueling infrastructure that can advance the wider use of fuel cell electric vehicles by consumers.

Honda hopes the combination of a fuel cell electric vehicle and the solar hydrogen station will help lead to the establishment of a hydrogen society based on renewable energy, resulting in a major reduction of CO2 emissions and greater energy sustainability.

Seagen Tidal Power Installation

The Seagen tidal turbine has been developed by the pioneering renewable energy company Marine Current Turbines Ltd and is the first commercial system in the world capable of collecting clean energy from tidal or other marine currents and will generate clean and sustainable electricity for approximately 1000 homes.

Tidal power could play an integral role in reducing our reliance on fossil generated power.

This move towards renewable resources will help build a greener environment for our future.

Going green is no longer just about Global Warming, or technological advances.

Let us encourage individuals worldwide to participate in the “Do One Thing” Challenge to take any individual green initiatives:

Step 1
It is great to talk about how important the Earth's environment is to you; but it is more important to put words into action. Some actions on our part are very simple and effective such as: Try to get by without air conditioning. If this isn’t possible, turn down the A/C while you’re away instead of turning it all the way off. It will take less energy to get it back up to a comfortable temperature.

Step 2
Take reusable bags with you to the store. If you forget and end up with plastic or paper bags, reuse them in creative ways.

Step 3
Turn off the lights when you are not in the room (this is an easy one that is quickly forgotten). Also, unplug your appliances when not in use; even when not in use they can be an "energy sink" just by being plugged in.

Step 4
Plant a tree or other plants. You might want to think about raising some edible plants (help the environment, save money on food, and feed healthy food to your family).

Step 5
Use refillable bottles for water. Bottled water is a huge culprit to having a clean environment. Stop buying all of those water bottles that fill up our land-fills. If you need special water, buy a water filter.

Step 6
Reuse what you can, like boxes for mailing and padded envelopes can have several uses in them. Be sure to black out the previous addresses and remove the used stamps.

Step 7
Plan your trips and combine as many errands into an outing as possible. See if you can carpool to work, take a bus or ride a bike to work.

Step 8
Use natural cleaners whenever possible like lemons and baking soda. It is healthier for the environment as well as for your family.

Step 9
Pay bills online. Many banks, utility companies, cellular phone providers and other companies have begun offering the option of paperless billing. This means that rather than receiving a bill in the mail, you can receive a bill via e-mail and make payments online. Paying bills online is convenient and reduces needless paper waste at the same time. If you already pay bills online but still receive paper bills, check with your service providers about paperless billing.

Treat the earth well: it was not given to you by your parents,
it was loaned to you by your children.
We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors,
we borrow it from our Children.

We are more than the sum of our knowledge,
we are the products of our imagination.

Source :

Ripe red tomatoes, quartered 6 medium
Split green gram skinless (dhuli moong dal) , soaked
1/2 cup
Oil 1 tablespoon
Cumin seeds 1/2 teaspoon
Onion , sliced 1 small
Ginger, sliced 1 inch piece
Garlic, sliced 2 cloves
Salt to taste
White pepper powder to taste
Brown bread 4 slices
Fresh coriander leaves 4 sprigs

Heat oil in a deep pan. Add cumin seeds, onion, ginger and garlic and sauté till lightly browned. Add moong dal and sauté for a minute. Add three cups of water and bring the mixture to a boil. Add salt and pepper powder and stir. Add tomatoes and mix. Cover and cook till the dal is completely cooked. Cut the brown bread slices into heart shaped pieces with a cookie cutter. Heat a pan and toast the bread hearts till golden and crisp. Strain the dal mixture and blend the solids into a smooth puree. Pass the puree through a sieve into a deep pan. Add the strained stock and mix. Bring the mixture to a boil. Adjust seasoning. Pour the soup into individual soup bowls, garnish with the toasted bread hearts and coriander sprigs and serve hot.

Recipe taken from :


Moong sprouts 1 cup
Matki sprouts 1 cup
Oil 2 tablespoon
Asafoetida a pinch
Mustard seeds 1/2 teaspoon
Curry leaves a few
Onions, finely chopped 2 large
Green Chillies, slit 2
Garlic paste 1 teaspoon
Ginger paste 1 teaspoon
Turmeric powder 1/2 teaspoon
Red chilli powder 1 1/2 teaspoon
Coriander powder 1/2 teaspoon
Cumin powder 1/2 teaspoon
Salt to taste
Garam masala powder 1 teaspoon
Fresh coriander leaves, finely chopped a few sprigs
Farsan 1/2 cup
Lemon juice as required
Lemons, sliced as required
Pav 8
Mix sprouts in a colander and wash under running water for a minute. Drain and keep aside.Heat oil in a pan, add asafoetida, mustard seeds, curry leaves and half of the chopped onions. Sauté for a minute and add green chillies. Add garlic paste and ginger paste. Stir well and sprinkle a little water. Add turmeric powder, red chilli powder and dhania-jeera powder. Mix well and add the sprouts. Add salt to taste and three cups of water. Bring to a boil. Add garam masala powder and chopped coriander leaves, keeping some for garnish. Cover and cook for ten to twelve minutes. To serve: Pour a ladleful of cooked sprouts in a deep bowl. Sprinkle generously with farsan. Sprinkle remaining chopped onion, chopped coriander leaves and freshly squeezed lemon juice. Serve with lemon slices and pav.

Recipe taken from :

Cottage cheese (paneer) 250 grams
Green capsicum 2 medium
Fresh coriander leaves bunch 1 medium
Fresh mint leaves bunch 1 medium
Green chillies 3-4
Lemon juice 1 tablespoon
Salt to taste
Oil to deep fry

For Batter
Ginger 1/2 inch piece
Garlic 2 cloves
Green chillies 2
Gram flour (besan) 1 cup
Cornflour/ corn starch 3 tablespoons
Baking powder 1/2 teaspoon
Turmeric powder 1/4 teaspoon
Whole dry red chillies, crushed 1-2
Lemon juice 1 tablespoon
Oil 1 tablespoon
Salt to taste

To Serve
Chaat masala 2 teaspoons
Red chilli powder 1 teaspoon


Cut the paneer into one inch squares. Halve and deseed the capsicums and cut them into one inch squares. Roughly chop coriander leaves, mint leaves, green chillies, ginger and garlic. Grind together coriander leaves, mint leaves, four green chillies to a fine paste. Add lemon juice and salt to taste. Separately grind together ginger, garlic and two green chillies to a fine paste for the batter.In a bowl mix besan, cornflour, baking powder, turmeric powder, crushed red chillies, ginger-garlic-green chilli paste and salt. Add lemon juice and oil and mix. Add a little water to make a thick batter. Spread the green chutney on either side of the paneer squares. Stick capsicum squares on both sides of the paneer square. In a bowl mix chaat masala and red chilli powder. Heat sufficient oil in a kadai. Dip the sandwiched paneer pieces in the batter and deep fry till golden. Drain the pakoras on absorbent paper. Cut into two halves. Place on a serving plate. Sprinkle the dry masala and serve hot.
Recipe taken from :
Dried white peas 1 1/4 cups Oil to shallow fry
Potatoes, boiled and mashed 4 large Green chutney as required
Turmeric powder 1/4 teaspoon
Sweet date and tamarind chutney as required
Asafoetida a pinch Onions, chopped 2 medium
Salt to taste Chaat masala     2 teaspoons
Cornflour/ corn starch 2 tablespoons Fresh coriander leaves, chopped 2 tablespoons
Green chillies, chopped 2-3    
Soak dried peas in three cups of water for about six hours. Drain and boil in three to four cups of water with turmeric powder, asafoetida and salt till soft. Mash the peas slightly. Add a little water if too thick and simmer for ten minutes. Keep the ragda hot. Add cornflour, green chillies and salt to potatoes and mix well. Divide into eight equal portions and shape into balls. Flatten slightly. Heat a little oil in a frying pan and fry pattice gently on both sides on medium heat till evenly browned. Keep warm. To serve, place two pattice on a plate and pour ragda on them. Drizzle green chutney and sweet date and tamarind chutney, sprinkle onions, chaat masala and coriander leaves. Similarly make other servings. Serve immediately.
Recipe taken from :
Puris meant for pani puri as required Moong sprouts 1 cup
Raw mangoes 1-2 medium Turmeric powder a pinch
Salt to taste Salt to taste
Black salt (kala namak)   1/2 teaspoon Red chilli powder 1 teaspoon
Roasted cumin powder 3 teaspoons Boondi 100 grams
Lemons juice 2 large Potatoes, boiled, peeled and chopped 2 medium
Fresh mint leaves 1 cup Chaat masala 1 teaspoon
Fresh coriander leaves 1/4 cup
Roasted cumin powder 1 teaspoon
Green chillies 3-4
Boil raw mangoes in one and a half cups of water till tender. Peel them and extract mango pulp. Mix together mango pulp, ground mint-coriander-chilli paste, salt, black salt, roasted cumin powder and lemon juice. Add five cups of water and mix well. For meetha pani add sweet tamarind chutney as per taste and mix. Chill in the refrigerator till use. You can use a variety of fillings to fill the puris like sprouted moong or boondis mixed with potatoes etc. To make the sprouted moong filling, blanch moong sprouts (you can also use mixed sprouts) with a pinch of turmeric powder and salt. Drain thoroughly and add red chilli powder and mix. For the boondi-potato filling, soak boondi in water for five minutes. Drain and squeeze lightly to remove excess water. Mix it with cubes of boiled potatoes and season it with salt, chaat masala, red chilli powder and cumin powder. Fill each puri with a little sprouted moong or boondi-potato mixture, then fill it up with the flavoured water and relish the pani puri.
Recipe taken from :

BlackBerry Bold 9700

The new BlackBerry Bold Blackberry 9700 offers a wide range of high-end communications and multimedia features in a sleek and stylish design that will appeal to users for both professional and personal use.

It offers top-of-the-line performance, functionality and features. With its robust connectivity options this global 3G smartphone enables users to stay easily connected, whether it is through phone, email, IM or social networking sites. In addition, the full-QWERTY keyboard on the BlackBerry Bold 9700 allows for comfortable and accurate typing and the touch-sensitive trackpad helps users navigate effortlessly.

The BlackBerry Bold 9700 smartphone supports 3G HSDPA networks around the world and is equipped with a next-generation, high-performance (624 MHz) processor and 256 MB on-board Flash memory. The exciting new BlackBerry Bold 9700 also features a dazzling high-resolution display and 3.2MP camera with support for video recording. Its dark chrome frame and leatherette back add to the new smartphone’s sleek and elegant look, while the narrow profile, balanced weight and soft-touch sides allow it to feel incredibly comfortable in one hand.
    BlackBerry Bold 9700 smartphone features:
  • Sleek design measuring 4.29" x 2.36" x 0.56" (109 mm x 60 mm x 14.1 mm) and weighing only 4.3 oz (122 grams)
  • Sharp and dazzling 2.44" light-sensing display (480 x 360 resolution at 245 ppi)
  • Highly tactile full-QWERTY keyboard – with finely sculpted keys and chrome frets – for fast, accurate typing
  • Innovative touch-sensitive trackpad that allows intuitive and responsive navigation
  • Built-in Wi-Fi® (802.11 b/g) for faster web browsing and extended data coverage, as well as support for Wi-Fi calling via UMA where available
  • 3.2 MP camera with variable zoom, autofocus, flash and video recording
  • BlackBerry OS 5.0, offering users email management and calendar enhancements* as well as a better browsing experience with faster JavaScript and CSS processing
  • Built-in GPS for maps and other location-based applications, as well as photo geotagging.
  • Media player for videos, pictures and music (music plays up to 38 hours), and BlackBerry® Media Sync for easily syncing photos as well as iTunes® and Windows Media® Player music with the smartphone**
  • BlackBerry® Desktop Manager for both PCs and Macs to enable synching data such as contacts and calendar appointments between a computer and the smartphone
  • 3.5 mm stereo headset jack, dedicated volume controls, Lock and Mute keys seamlessly integrated across the top of the handset
  • MicroSD/SDHD memory card slot that supports up to 16 GB cards today and is expected to support 32 GB cards when available; a 2GB card is included
  • 256 MB of Flash memory
  • Access to BlackBerry App World™, featuring a broad and growing catalog of mobile applications developed specifically for BlackBerry smartphones. Categories include games, entertainment, IM and social networking, news, weather, productivity and more.
  • Premium and easy-to-access phone features, background noise suppression technology and high quality speakerphone
  • Bluetooth® (2.1) with support for Secure Simple Pairing, hands-free headsets, stereo headsets, car kits and other Bluetooth peripherals
  • Support for BlackBerry® Internet Service and BlackBerry® Enterprise Server Blackberry® Enterprise Server
  • Support for 3G networks around the world
  • Removable, rechargeable 1500 mAhr battery that provides approximately 6 hours of talk time and 17 days of standby time in 3G mode
Source :
CBR1000RR Fireblade

The CBR1000RR Fireblade is epitome of Super Sports motorcycle development, delivering unprecedented levels of excitement and enjoyment with revolutionary new technology, and breathtaking styling. The new option of the first ever ABS system designed specifically for Super Sports bikes adds to the feeling of Total Control that has always been at the heart of the CBR1000RR design.

Sired by a MotoGP champion and tempered in the fires of world superbike and endurance competition, all- new CBR1000RR Fireblade vividly brings to life searing performance, omniscient control and a thrilling beauty and simplicity of form that sets hearts and minds racing.


Engine Liquid Cooled 4-Stroke 16-Value DOHC inline 4
Displacement 999 cm3
Bore X Stroke 76 X 55.1 mm
Compression Ratio 12.3:1
Max. Power Output 131 kW/12,000 min-1 (95/1/EC)
Max.Torque 112 Nm /8,000 min-1 (95/1/EC)
Carburation PGM – DSFI electronic fuel injection
Ignition System Computer Controlled digital transistorized with electronic advance.
Starter electric



Final Drive

# 530 O-ring Sealed chain
Dimension (LxWxH) 2,080 x 685 x 1,130 mm
Wheelbase 1,410 mm

Seat Height

820 mm

Ground Clearance

130 mm
Fuel Tank Capacity 17.7 Litres (including 4-litre LCD –indicated reserve)
Suspension Front 43 mm inverted HMAS cartridge- type telescopic fork with step less preload, compression and rebound damping adjustment, 120 mm axle travel.
Suspension Rear unit Pro-link with gas

charged HMAS damper featuring 10- step preload and step less compression and rebound damping adjustment,135 mm  axle travel.

Wheel Front Hollow –section triple spoke cast aluminium
Wheel Rear Hollow –section triple spoke cast aluminium
Tyres Front 120/70 ZR17M/C (58 W)
Tyres Rear 190/50 ZR17M/C (73 W)
Brakes Front 320 x 4.5 mm dual hydraulic disc with 4 piston caliper,*Combined ABS and sintered metal pads
Brakes Rear 220 x 5 mm dual hydraulic disc with single-piston caliper *Combined ABS and sintered metal pads
Frame Diamond; aluminium composite twin spar

Caster Angle

23° 18’


96.3 mm

Kerb weight

199 kg (F: 105 kg; R: 94 kg) * 210 kg (F: 109 kg; R: 101 kg)

Source :
Essentials while buying a motorcycle
Motorcycles have been popular vehicles for over 100 years. A vehicle used by the troops in World War I and II, motorcycles have continued to be one of the most popular modes of transportation around the world.

Motorcycles do take a considerable amount of skill to ride, and buying it requires a bit of time and research. Listed below are a few steps which would help you in selecting a motorcycle.

  • Step 1:
    Know what type of motorcycle you want before you begin your search. There are many different types of motorcycles, including cruisers, sport bikes and touring bikes, so selecting the style you want will help save you time and energy.
  • Step 2:
    Evaluate how the bike looks overall. The paint should be shiny, the seat should not be worn and there should be no rust. Look for any scratches or dents to indicate that the bike has been wrecked or laid down.
  • Step 3:
    Look at the tires. There should be a good amount of tread left on the tires, and they should not be cracked or abnormally worn.
  • Step 4:
    Check under the motorcycle for any leaking fluid. Oil or gas leaks can be a cause for serious concern on your motorcycle.
  • Step 5:
    Ask to see the brakes on the motorcycle. The brake pads should still have at least an eighth of an inch of material on them. Any sticking or squeaking in the brakes should be checked over carefully.
  • Step 6:
    Take the motorcycle for a test drive. The engine should run strong, and the bike should travel straight down the road. Ride the motorcycle in a variety of terrain to make sure your new bike is a good fit for you.
Source :

Photography: All You Need to Get Started in This Hobby is a Camera

With the exception of home videos there is nothing that preserves the moments of our lives like photographs.

It allows freedom of expression in so many ways, that one doesn't have to feel limited or stifled. Nor does it require an expensive camera. Today's digital cameras are not only affordable, but have built-in technology that allows even an amateur photographer to capture quality usable images.

Here are a few tips to get started in Photography

  • Familiarize yourself with topics that interest you so that you understand the topic you wish to photograph
  • Consider investing in either an automatic focus camera, or a self-focusing SLR camera.
  • For people who choose nature as a subject of their photography, it is important to consider the location of the pictures they take. Making sure the sun will not affect the picture in undesired ways, and positioning yourself behind the sun so that the light will create clearer shots is important.
  • When you first start taking pictures, you may want to practice by taking pictures around your own home. You may even take great pictures of unplanned or unexpected moments!
  • You may wish to use a tripod in order to achieve pictures that are steady, and you can produce great images when you use the right angles! Paying attention to the shape, position, and size of the subject you are photographing is important as well.
  • In the absence of sunlight, artificial light may be needed. The camera you are using may have a flash, but sometimes the light from it may not be enough to create a clear image.

Photography Projects

The amount of information on photography can be overwhelming, so start off with one specific photographic goal at a time and focus on that. Feel free to modify them as necessary. In the long time, practicing with the camera is the absolute best way to hone a skill in photography.

  • Photograph a subject in fog or haze. Let the camera pull the subject from the fog without losing the ambiance
  • Dewdrops on petals, spiderwebs, or grass blades
  • Take a head shot of a person or animal and let it fill 90% of the frame
  • Take a picture of a subject in motion. Try to focus on a sharp, clean result
  • Choose a subject and experiment with shooting just left or right of center
  • Practice looking at things with a photographer's eye. Take a picture of a pot of boiling water and focus on the bubbles or steam
  • Try to take a picture of a reflection captured in glass, a shiny surface, or on the surface of a mud puddle

With Photography freeze the wonderful moments for a lifetime

Source : http://www.essortment.com/all/beginnerphotogr_ryaq.htm

Father's Day

The word 'dad' dates back to the 16th century. Father's Day was celebrated in the US since 1910, it was first made an official celebration in 1966 when US President Lyndon Johnson designated the third Sunday in June as Father's Day.

In this fast paced life, we tend to forget to express our thanks and gratitude to our father who has always been there by our side through thick and thin. It was your Dad, who helped to build your first castle on the beach, and it was him only who taught you how to play basket ball.

This Day is about celebration of the family values and recognition of Dad’s contribution to the family.

Our Father remains a great source of inspiration, throughout our lives. His power and charisma can't be matched by any other force on this earth. A father's greatness and his sense of sacrifice have inspired people, from time to time, to ink their feelings and emotions, in a number of ways.

Though Father’ Day is celebrated at various times throughout the world, the feelings and emotions associated with the day is the same.

Thus it is truly quoted by Exodus,
"Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee."


Latest in Petroleum & Energy Sector

Rediscovering Natural Gas By Hitting Rock Bottom

There's an energy revolution brewing right under our feet.
Huge discoveries of natural gas promise to shake up the energy markets and geopolitics.

Over the past decade, a wave of drilling around the world has uncovered giant supplies of natural gas in shale rock.

Shale gas is natural gas produced from shale formations. Gas shales are organic-rich shale formations. In terms of its chemical makeup, shale gas is typically a dry gas primarily composed of methane. Three factors have contributed to its rapid development: advances in horizontal drilling, advances in hydraulic fracturing and rapid increases in natural gas prices in the last several years as a result of significant supply and demand pressures.

Geologists have always known that shale rock, often found in combination with coal and oil deposits, holds substantial amounts of natural gas. If a piece of shale rock is broken and lit with a match, it will actually burn for a few moments with a small flame.

The shale gas was previously considered unreachable, but advances in drilling techniques have changed that assessment.

Horizontal Drilling

In recent years, however, gas producers expanded the use of "horizontal" drilling. After boring more than a mile below the Earth's surface to reach the shale layer, a drill operator will slowly "steer" the drill bit to one side, until it is heading sideways across the shale layer, thus achieving access to more of the shale than a traditional vertical well could provide.

Even so, the tightness of the shale rock would mean that relatively little of the trapped gas would seep into the pipeline. Gas producers therefore fracture the rock by forcing a water and sand mixture into the formation at very high pressure. This "water fracturing" technique opens millions of tiny cracks in the rock, enabling more of the gas to seep out.

The shale boom also is likely to upend the economics of renewable energy.



Will there ever be a time when we can use nothing but renewable energy to power our world. May not, but there will be a time when nonconventional energy will be an integral part of our lives. Solar, Wind, Bio fuels, Tidal, Geothermal, Fuel Cells, Hydrogen, are various forms of non conventional energy. Bharat Petroleum as a responsible energy company has made first big strides towards harnessing some of them.

Biodiesel Fuel

Biodiesel Fuel can be produced from a variety of natural crops including rapeseed, soyabean, mustard, flax, sunflower, canola, palm oil, hemp, jatropha and waste vegetable oils. The latest to the list being Tobacco. This fuel source is said to reduce engine wear and produce less harmful emissions.
BPCL proposes cultivation of 1 million hectares of Jatropha in U.P (read about our 1-1-1 plan in our website www.bharatpetroleum.in)

Solar Power

The Sun they say can offer more energy than we can consume. So why is the world worried? It is said that to tap the energy is very expensive. The world is working towards a cheaper solution.
Even Bharat Petroleum is working with the Punjab State Electricity Board to ensure that better economies can be obtained. A 1 MW solar farm is proposed to be built in a JV with PSEB.

Wind Mills

Traditional wind mills looked as romantic as this. However realising their potential and R&D in this field has resulted in the modern day wind farms. Wind farms comprise of many thousands of windmills (each capable of generating upto 2.5 MW power) placed in wind tunnels (High wind speed areas).
BPCL has 2 windmills in Karnataka that generate 5 MW of power and are connected to the national grid.


Hydrogen is not an energy source, but an energy carrier because it takes a great deal of energy to extract it from water. It is useful as a compact energy source in fuel cells and batteries. Many companies are working hard to develop technologies that can efficiently exploit the potential of hydrogen energy.
BPCL has experimented with hydrogen fuel in our LPG bottling plant in Bangalore.