What is Natural Gas?
A naturally occurring mixture of Hydrocarbon and Non-hydrocarbon gases found in porous geological formations beneath the earth’s surface, often in association with oil. The principal constituent is Methane (CH4).
Where is Natural Gas available?
Natural Gas is formed from the buried remains of tiny plants and sea animals that died more than 200 million years ago in mother earth. Under the heat and pressure inside the earth, these energy rich organic material slowly decayed, then changed form until all that was left were concentrations of Natural Gas in layers of rocks.
Natural Gas is removed from the earth by drilling wells into the rock, then using pipes to bring gas to the surface. In most wells, the pressure of the gas is enough to force it to the surface and then to the central collection points. When Natural Gas comes out along with crude oil, it is known as Associated Gas, as in case of Bombay High.
Where is Natural Gas found in India?
Natural Gas is found onshore in the North East, Rajasthan and Gujarat and Off-shore in Bombay High. Recently, gas find has been reported by Reliance Industries in the Krishna Godavari Basin.